ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is most characterized by a restlessness, hyperactivity and inattention. According to the National Library of Medicine, “ADHD usually begins in childhood but may continue into the adult years. It is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder in children. ADHD is diagnosed much more often in boys than in girls.
It is not clear what causes ADHD. A combination of genes and environmental factors likely plays a role in the development of the condition. Imaging studies suggest that the brains of children with ADHD are different from those of children without ADHD”.
Simply not paying attention in a class or being inattentive every now and then is not enough to diagnose a child with ADHD. Instead, the behaviors must be consistent and prevalent for at least six months.
Children with ADHD may consistently exhibit one or more of the following symptoms:
- Processing information slowly
- Daydreaming frequently
- Regularly moving from one activity to another
- Difficulty following instructions
- Failing to respond when addressed
- Losing items
- Fidgeting often
- Incessant talking
- Trouble with quiet activities
- Moving all around
- Significant lack of patience
- Overreacting emotionally
- Lack of tact when speaking
- Interrupting others
One of the difficulties in diagnosing ADHD is that many of the symptoms are also considered common behavior problems. Before diagnosing a child with ADHD, a mental health specialist will rule out any other issues that could be causing problems such as vision and hearing problems, anxiety and other learning disabilities.
Recommended sites for more information on ADHD in children is:
CHADD – Children and Adults with ADHD
Also a terrific resource is the magazine : ADDititude